Students will be randomly allocated one of four pre-determined topics that are common causes of patient deterioration. Students must then develop and submit a Mind Map

Task Overview

Students will be randomly allocated one of four pre-determined topics that are common causes of patient deterioration. Students must then develop and submit a Mind Map focusing on the topic they have been allocated.  Please see the Task Instructions chapter of this Moodle book to read about how you can identify which group you have been allocated to.

The four disease states (topics), all of which are common causes of patient deterioration, are:

Burns

Long Bone Fracture

Paediatric Asthma

Sepsis

 ***My allocated topic is BURNS***

Task Purpose

The aim of creating a Mind Map of the topic is to enable students to:

Demonstrate an understanding of key concepts associated with patient deterioration,

Explore the relationships between the pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical manifestations, and the presenting signs and symptoms,

Prioritise and implement nursing interventions.

Task Instructions

Step 1: Check your topic allocation. (BURNS)

Step 2: Research - Evidence of Best Practice

You are required to research and critically analyse your topic within the context of the deteriorating patient. You will identify primary concepts of the disease state; the basic concepts of the underlying pathophysiology (i.e., Asthma can be intrinsic or extrinsic etc); key principals in management; nursing assessments; and interventions for the disease state.

Step 3: Plan and Create your Mind Map

To create and refine your Mind Map, begin with the disease state as your central concept. This will be the focus of your Mind Map and most connections will be made with this. Branching off from this central concept, you will then address and include the following:

Pathophysiology: Identify the specific underlying pathophysiology of your topic and demonstrate your understanding of the disease progression toward patient deterioration.

Aetiology: Show your understanding of the causes associated with your topic by using connecting lines to branch out from the central idea, making make specific connections between the causes of the disease state and the underlying pathophysiology.

Clinical Manifestations: Introduce clinical manifestations and how these would present within physical assessment findings in the context of an acute presentation. Ensure that you present the expected assessment findings – for example: changes to perfusion should be described in terms of capillary refill, pulse pressure, skin colour/warmth etc. You should further link these with the underlying pathophysiology and the aetiology (causes of these clinical manifestations).

Nursing Assessments and Interventions: Identify priority nursing assessments and priorities of care for anaphylactic shock. Include at least 3 nursing interventions that can be implemented by you as a graduate nurse to support the deteriorating patient with anaphylactic shock. Link these to pathophysiology, aetiology and clinical manifestations.

Management: Identify the management or treatment related to clinical manifestations including pharmacological interventions. (Hint: look for state-wide treatment protocols which can assist you with this). Link your management of your patient to your nursing assessment findings.

Presentation Requirements

Connect each concept, with a line to the central concept (this may go via other linking concepts along the way), to create a map. You may wish to use colour coding to represent different concept groups - i.e., red could represent clinical manifestations, blue could represent causative factors. On the lines linking the concepts write a label. This label should describe how the concepts relate to each other or the relationship that the two concepts have. For example, identify why some (but not all) cephalosporins pose a risk to patients who have a penicillin allergy. This process continues until all concepts appear on the map and all lines have descriptions.

You may include any other additional concepts that relate to your main theme. These do not necessarily need to connect to the main concept but might connect to concepts outside of the main concept. This will further expand connections and show your deeper understanding of the topic. In text citations are required on your Mind Map and the word count has been increased to support this. All sources used must be included in your reference list and all citations and references must be in APA 7th ed. format.

You are advised to select a page size of at least A3 to ensure you have sufficient room to fit all the required parts of this assessment. You may be as creative as you like in the design of your Mind Map. PowerPoint maps, Adobe, Canva, or any similar program will be accepted. You are also invited to use freehand paper and pen or a combination of freehand and digital text if you wish – there are many examples of very visually captivating hand drawn Mind Maps, so please feel free to be as creative as you like. If you choose to create your Mind Map using freehand, you will need to create it on A3 paper, then scan and upload your final Mind Map. The final concept should be colourful and eye catching whilst being clear and concise.

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