Object Oriented Programming

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Overview

Note: This hurdle task is a time-bound test. You have a 48 hour window during week 8 to complete it.

  • If you receive a Complete grade, you have passed the hurdle and can include the test as evidence of that in your
  • If you receive a Fix grade, you must correct all issues and get your test signed off as Complete to meet the hurdle requirements. If you do not get it marked as Complete during the teaching period, you must include a copy of your corrections in your portfolio to demonstrate that you have addressed the issues raised. Failure to do this will result in an overall fail grade for the

If you receive a Redo grade, you must pass a re-sit test that will occur in week 12 in order to meet the hurdle requirements.

Purpose:      Demonstrate your understanding of object-oriented programming and the core concepts of object-oriented design.

Task:           You must complete two tasks. The first is a coding task, and the second is a series of short answer questions.

Deadline:     This task should be completed during week 8 — see Canvas for the assignment window.

Submission Details

Please print your solution to PDF and combine it with the screenshots taken for this test.

  • Task 1:
    • C# code files of the classes created
    • An image of your modified UML diagram
    • A screenshot of the program output
  • Task 2:
    • A PDF document containing your written

Make sure that you submit code that is readable, follows the universal task requirements, and is appro- priately documented.

Task 1

Consider the following UML diagram:

Sales is a class that contains knowledge of purchase orders that a business has received. There are two types of purchase orders: single transaction orders and batch orders, which the class Sales records separately in two dedicated lists. Batch orders are instances of class Batch and can be added to its corresponding list, _batch_orders, using method AddBatch. Single trans- action orders, on the other hand, are instances of class Transaction and can be added to its corresponding list, _single_orders, using method AddTransaction. All orders can be printed to the console via method PrintOrders.

Class Batch defines three member variables:

  • _number, a string that identifies this order,
  • _name, a string that captures the purpose of this order, and
  • _items, a list of single orders attached to the bulk In addition, class Batch defines the methods
  • Add to add a single order,
  • Print to print this order, and
  • Total to return the total sum of this

Finally, class Batch defines two read-only getters to obtain the Number and Name of the order. Class Transaction is similar. Its member variables are:

  • _number, a string that identifies this order,
  • _name, a string that describes the product in this order, and
  • _amount, a decimal value to store the total of the single

Class Transaction defines a Print and a Total method, which print the order and return the amount of this order, respectively. The read-only getters return the Number and Name of a single transaction order.

A sample output of an application implementing the above UML diagram may look like the fol- lowing (result of telling a Sales object to PrintOrders):

Sales:

Batch sale: #2024x00001, CompSci Books #1, Deep Learning in Python, $67.90 #2, C# in Action, $54.10

#3, Design Patterns, $129.75 Total: $251.75

Batch sale: #2024x00002, Fantasy Books Empty order.

#00-0001, Compilers, $134.60

#10-0003, Hunger Games 1-3, $45.00 #15-0020, Learning Blender, $56.90 Sales total: $488.25

You may have noticed a peculiar feature duplication in the design. In addition, batch orders are limited to containing single transaction orders. This is an arbitrary limitation. Batch orders should be able to contain nested batch orders. Consequently, class Batch should allow for both, objects of class Batch and objects of class Transaction, to be stored (i.e., added to _items).

To achieve this, you need to redesign the system. Start with the abstract class Thing as shown in the following UML diagram:

<<abstract>> Thing
- _number: String- _name: String
+ Thing(String number, String name)+ Print() <<abstract>>

+ Total() : Decimal <<abstract>>

+ Number : String <<read-only property>>

+ Name : String <<read-only property>>

Restructure the current solution as follows:

  1. Implement the abstract class Thing.
  2. Change class Batch so that it stores instances of class Thing rather than class Transac- tion.
  3. Make class Batch and class Transaction subclasses of class Thing. Apply the necessary refactoring steps.
  4. Change class Sales to maintain only a single list _orders of Thing objects.
  5. Replace the methods AddBatch and AddTransaction with a single method Add in class Sales.
  1. Revise the implementation of PrintOrders in class sales.
  2. Write a simple Main program to demonstrate that your new design The Main program must
  1. Create a Sales Object.
  2. Add batch orders to the Sales Object.
  3. Add single transaction orders to the Sales Object
  4. Must create one nested batch order.
  5. Add an empty batch order.
  6. Tell PrintOrders to the Sales object.

You are required to:

  1. Provide a new UML class diagram for your updated design (it can be drawn by hand).
  2. Write the code for all classes, including the abstract class Thing, and all fields, construc- tors, methods, and properties.
  3. Write a simple Main method as described above.
  4. Take a screenshot of the output of your program.

Task 2

  1. Describe the principle of polymorphism and how and where it is being used in Task 1.
  2. What is wrong with the class name Thing? Suggest a better name and explain the rea- soning behind your answer.
  3. What is abstraction and how and where it is being used in Task 1.
  4. Can you think of a scenario or system design that resembles Task 1? Look a the classes and their interaction in Task 1 and identify a real-world system or approach that uses a similar relationship.

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