Essay Perspectives in Criminology

Weight: 50%

Format: Essay is to be written with an introduction, body, conclusion, and reference list.

Length: 1,500 words

Genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, torture and ’grand corruption’ are all associated with state crimes. Discuss and define one to three of these elements, including the dangers of each one.

Please note that the reference list is not included as part of the word count. Students may use WSU Harvard or APA

referencing. There should be approximately 10 references for the essay.

Refer to this bellow:

‘Genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, torture and ’grand corruption’ are all associated with state crimes.’

According to The United States Institute of Peace, genocide involves the killing of people belonging to a particular group, or causing them physical or mental harm, or creating environments for them which would lead to harm, usurping their rights to reproduce and forcibly taking away the children of this group of individuals (Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, and War Crimes, n.d.). This not only endangers lives of individuals, but also creates an air of hate crime. This may be associated with state crime as it can be used as a tactic for governmental gains.

As per the International Court of Geneva Conventions, the definition of war crimes as “wilful killing; torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments; wilfully causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or health; extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly; compelling a prisoner of war or other protected person to serve in the forces of a hostile Power; wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or other protected person of the rights of fair and regular trial; unlawful deportation or transfer or unlawful confinement; and taking of hostages.” (Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, and War Crimes, n.d.). this expansive definition highlights various areas that the government and state may utilize for personal interests. Grand corruption or kleptocracy, has been defined as a type of systemic corruption that is performed by high-ranking personnel of a state, for their private gains. This may include giving or receiving bribes for their own motives and interests, creating phantom jobs, and also using their power to control legislatures, government officials and judges to make regulations that suit their motives of sacking the state (Roht-Arriaza, 2021).

These comprehensive definitions point out crimes that not only target populations but have long lasting and deadly consequences for the state. This article will explore the associations of these crimes with the government involvement for personal gains and interests and the detrimental impacts that it may have on the people residing in that region. For this purpose, six sources will be extracted that explain in depth these actions and portray the consequences for comprehensive understanding.

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