BSBWHS616 Apply Safe Design Principles to Control WHS Risks

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The following forms the basis of the evidence that you need to collect from students for assessment in this assessment task. The task and specific assessment requirements that are given to students are also outlined.

  • Refer to all the blue and italic text for a guide to suggested answers and benchmarking for assessments and also for instructions on how to use the assessment tools.
  • Ensure all outlined conditions of assessment requirements are met.
  • For each assessment task, an Assessment Result Sheet form for the student is completed. This is located at the end of each assessment task in the Student Pack
  • This Assessment Result Sheet allows the trainer/assessor to record the following items:
  • The outcome of the assessment tasks as either Satisfactory (S) or Not Satisfactory (NS).
  • Feedback to the student
  • The student declaration
  • The Trainer/Assessor declaration
  • The trainer/assessor and the student must sign the Assessment Result Sheet to show that the student was provided with the task outcome.
  • The Unit Mapping identifies what aspects of the Unit of Competency are being addressed in each assessment task.
  • Once all assessment tasks allocated to this Unit of Competency have been undertaken, the Student’s Assessment Plan (point 5 in the Student Pack) is completed to record the unit outcome. The outcome will be either Competent (C) or Not Yet Competent (NYC).
  • When all assessment tasks are deemed Satisfactory (S), the unit outcome is Competent (C).
  • If at least one of the assessment task is deemed Not Satisfactory (NS), the unit outcome is Not Yet Competent (NYC).
  • The following Information is attached to each assessment task:
  • Assessment type
  • Assessment task description
  • Applicable conditions
  • Resubmissions and reattempts
  • Location
  • Instructions for completion of the assessment task
  • How trainers/assessors will assess the work
  • Task-specific instructions for the student

Resources required to complete the assessment task:

  • Computer
  • Internet
  • MS Word
  • Printer or e-printer
  • Staff members
  • Reports from other parties consulted about WHS risk in a product’s life cycle (Provided along with this assessment)
  • Legislation, standards, guidelines, research and industry data

Assessment task Instructions

  • This is an individual assessment.
  • The purpose of this assessment task is to assess the student’s knowledge essential to apply safe design principles to control work health and safety (WHS) risks in a product’s life cycle.
  • The trainer/assessor will take on the role of Operations Manager.
  • The trainer/assessor will allocate the role of the other stakeholders specified in the individual activities to the staff members of the training organisation.
  • The student must use the templates provided to document their responses.
  • The trainer/assessor must assess the student using the performance checklist provided.

Assessment Task 2: Skills Test

Skills Test:

This assessment task requires the student to apply safe design principles to control work health and safety (WHS) risks in a product’s life cycle.

This includes provide advice based on WHS legislative requirements and safe design principles in relation to:

  • Developing a systematic WHS risk-management approach to safe design
  • Consultation processes relating to safe design in a product’s life cycle
  • Procurement systems to minimise ‘purchased’ WHS hazards and their associated risks.

To do so, the student will be required to complete the following activities:

  • Activity 1: Provide WHS advice in relation to developing a systematic WHS risk-management approach to safe design
  • Activity 2: Provide WHS advice in relation to consultation processes relating to safe design in a product’s life cycle
  • Activity 3: Provide WHS advice in relation to procurement systems to minimise ‘purchased’ WHS hazards and their associated risks

Workplace/simulated workplace requirements

This assessment task will be completed at your training organisation. The training organisation must meet the following requirements:

Requirements:

The simulated workplace environment consists of:

  • Your training organisation as your workplace
  • Standard operating/workplace procedures.
  • Your trainer/assessor to provide you with assistance throughout the assessment activity.
  • Workplace resources:
    • Computers and internet
    • Workstation
    • Printer
    • Staff members
  • Legislation, standards, guidelines, research and industry data

Case study:

West Civil Construction (WCC) is a premier earthmoving and excavation specialist based in WA’s Great Southern region. The operations of the West Civil Construction (WCC) include:

  • Civil construction
  • Materials processing
  • Heavy haulage
  • Plant hire
  • Vegetation management.

Currently WCC operates a workforce of over 40 people in roles that include:

  • Management
  • Plant operators
  • Office personnel
  • Mechanics and
  • Site and plant supervisors.

Our company is dedicated to providing excellent customer service and high-quality workmanship. WCC values all of its customers, so you will receive the same level of service regardless of the size of the project.

WCC adheres to a straightforward but binding philosophy. It's a promise to all of our current and prospective customers. "We safely deliver what we promise." We accomplish this by constantly striving for excellence in workmanship and service, and we aspire to set a standard that defines the industry benchmark.

Our People

WCC has established a comprehensive recruitment process to ensure we employ the best people available, with a strong desire to become the civil employer of choice in the region. This is supported by our structured induction and training programmes, ongoing supervision, mentoring, and the development of a diverse culture that ensures we always meet the high service standards we set for ourselves.

Our Equipment

We are extremely proud of our fleet of modern, well-maintained, and high-quality vehicles. It enables employees to work more efficiently and effectively, reduces downtime, and enables us to provide superior results to our customers.

Safety

Everything we do at WCC is based on our unwavering commitment to the health and safety of every person on every worksite we manage. Through the implementation of stringent Australian standards for health and safety, environmental, and quality management systems, management and staff strictly adhere to safety compliance. These systems ensure that we consistently provide a high level of service that is also safe and environmentally friendly. Our systems also serve as a foundation for ongoing self-evaluation and improvement.

Services

West Civil Construction (WCC) is a modern business built on strong family values. PCC has expanded its services beyond earthmoving to include civil construction, material processing, plant hire, and vegetation management.

PCC has begun a journey of adopting world's best practise by implementing an Integrated Management System to ensure we remain true to our principle of "We deliver what we promise safely." This system is compliant with and adheres to ISO9001 for Quality Assurance, ISO 45001 for Safety, and ISO14001 for Environment, all of which have been accredited by SAI Global.

With processes and procedures in place, PCC strives for continuous improvement by implementing the highest standard of health and safety practices on every PCC worksite.

Safe design approach used by WCC

Identify hazards

Identify the hazards relating to all stages of the product – such as hazardous manual handling or violence and aggression.

Assess the risk

Assess the likelihood of the hazard causing harm to people.

Eliminate or control the risk

Implement effective control measures to eliminate the risk, or if this is not possible, reduce the risk of harm to an acceptable level. For example, overhead tracking, noise reduction, machine guarding.

Review

Review the effectiveness of the controls to ensure they are working to reduce the risk to an acceptable level.

Principles of safe design

The five principles that impact on achieving a safe design are described below.

Principle 1: Persons with control

The people who make decisions should be competent and understand that their decisions will affect the design of products, facilities or processes, which means they can promote health and safety at the source.

Principle 2: Product life cycle

Safe design applies to every stage in the life cycle from conception through to disposal. It involves eliminating hazards or minimising risks as early in the life cycle as possible.

Principle 3: Systematic risk management

The consistent application of hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control processes is required to achieve safe design.

Principle 4: Safe design knowledge and capability

Should be either demonstrated or acquired by persons with control over design.

Principle 5: Information transfer

Effective communication and documentation of design and risk control information between all persons involved in the phases of the life cycle is essential for the safe design approach.

The safe design principles will be applicable to the following stages of the product’s life cycle:

  • Procurement
  • Installation
  • Operation
  • Disposal

‘Safe design’ refers to a process defined as the integration of hazard identification and risk assessment methods to eliminate or minimise the risk of injury throughout the life cycle of plant, tool or equipment being designed.

New equipment to be introduced into the workplace

West Civil Construction (WCC) wants to introduce micro trencher for excavating narrow trenches, usually in urban areas. Widths range from 30-130 mm (1.2-5.1 in), with depths of 500 mm (20 in) or less.

The reduced trench size means that there is a reduction in the volume of excavated waste material, and disturbance can be minimised.

West Civil Construction (WCC) need to be radio-controlled and will be used for road maintenance and to gain access to utilities under the road surface.

Advise on consultation with known and/or potential users of the product

Based on the organisational policies and procedures, the following stakeholders need to be consulted during the design phase:

  • Supplier
  • Operator

A report will be generated by the above stakeholders to advise on WHS risk in a product’s life cycle.

Organisational processes and procedures to facilitate involvement of technical experts

Technical advice must be obtained on the following matters:

  • Consultation arrangements required through out the project life cycle.
  • Communicating residual WHS risks in product

Existing situation

You are working as Chief Health and Safety Officer in West Civil Construction (WCC).

Management of the West Civil Construction (WCC) wants you to eliminate or minimise hazards and their associated risks before introducing micro trencher in the workplace.

As part of your job role to eliminate or minimise hazards and their associated risks before introducing micro trencher in the workplace, you will have the following responsibilities:

  • Inform decision-makers of their obligations under WHS laws to manage WHS risks throughout the life cycle of a product.
  • Gather and make available to decision-makers the most up-to-date information and data on WHS principles, materials, technology, and systems applicable to product design.
  • Provide advice on methods and tools to aid in WHS hazard identification and risk assessment throughout a product's life cycle.
  • Determine and address decision-makers' learning and development needs in order to manage WHS risks that may arise during a product's life cycle, including during the design phase.
  • Advise on product consultation with known and/or potential users during the design phase, in accordance with organisational policies and procedures.
  • Recognise situations in which specialist and other advisers may be required to assist with safe design activities.
  • Based on the hierarchy of control measures, provide advice on the selection and implementation of required WHS risk controls in design.
  • Provide guidance on the documentation requirements for decision-making during the risk assessment process.
  • Advise on the creation of a residual WHS risk register and the dissemination of this information to those involved in the downstream or subsequent stages of the product life-cycle.
  • Advise on how to monitor the design as it evolves in order to identify and manage potential WHS hazards that may arise during the product's life cycle, as well as the risks associated with them.
  • Identify and address decision-makers' learning and development needs in relation to managing design-related WHS risks throughout a product's life cycle.
  • Assist decision-makers in taking into account the needs of those who use or interact with the product throughout its life cycle.
  • Facilitate the participation of technical experts as required by organisational processes and procedures.
  • Advise on consultation arrangements with required personnel throughout all phases of the design process to identify WHS hazards and control WHS risks that may occur throughout the life cycle of a product.
  • Provide guidance on communicating residual WHS risks in a product to those who will use or interact with it throughout its life cycle.
  • Advise purchasing and contractual decision-makers to include requirements to identify WHS hazards and control WHS risks, as well as to provide information and data on residual WHS risks, as part of the procurement process.
  • Suggest that a requirement to use a safe design approach be included in the design brief or draught specifications.

Skills Test:

This assessment task requires the student to apply safe design principles to control work health and safety (WHS) risks in a product’s life cycle.

This includes providing advice based on WHS legislative requirements and safe design principles in relation to:

  • Developing a systematic WHS risk-management approach to safe design
  • Consultation processes relating to safe design in a product’s life cycle
  • Procurement systems to minimise ‘purchased’ WHS hazards and their associated risks.

To do so, the student will be required to complete the following activities:

  • Activity 1: Provide WHS advice in relation to developing a systematic WHS risk-management approach to safe design
  • Activity 2: Provide WHS advice in relation to consultation processes relating to safe design in a product’s life cycle
  • Activity 3: Provide WHS advice in relation to procurement systems to minimise ‘purchased’ WHS hazards and their associated risks

Note:

  • The trainer/assessor will take on the role of Operations Manager or assign a staff member in the role of Operations Manager.
  • Each student will be assessed individually for all assessment activities.

Roles and responsibilities: Operations Manager: The Operations Manager will:

  • Assist you in understanding the task requirements
  • Provide you information about job roles and responsibilities
  • Supervise you completing the assessment task and requirements

Timeframe to complete the project:

Two weeks (You have two weeks to complete the project): Changes to be made by the training organisation

Task requirements

  • You will be assessed on your technical knowledge and skills to complete this project.
  • You will be assessed on working in a team environment and meeting your job role and responsibilities.
  • You must follow the instructions provided by the trainer/assessor.
  • The task must be completed in the specified timeframe.

Your trainer/assessor will supervise and observe you completing the above activities.

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