As a student, essays are something that you will always be required to write. They are part of the academic world and a great way to provide your opinion on something. Academically, essays are a focused piece of content that uses supporting evidence, critical analysis and interpretation to develop an idea or argument.
However, writing an outstanding essay requires more than just following the essay structure. It is highly important that you convey through words what you are trying to accomplish specific objectives. In this guide, we will outline the framework that will help you write an outstanding essay.
Preparation for Writing an Essay
First, you need to have a clear idea of what you want to convey to the reader and how you are going to communicate that before you start writing. To prepare yourself to write an essay, follow the following steps:
- Understand the assignment: Read and understand the assignment instructions given to you by your instructor to find out what is your essay’s objective.
- Select a topic: If you need to choose your own topic then choose one that you find interesting but it should also be relevant to the course and should be manageable as well.
- Come up with a thesis: Once you have chosen a topic, you should develop a thesis statement. A thesis statement is a brief overview of the main points that you will address in the essay. You must also research the topic and prepare an evidence-based argument.
- Content List: The final step in the preparation of writing an essay is to create an outline. In this step, you organise the essay and break it down into smaller sections that logically support the thesis statement. Preparing a rough outline before writing your essay helps ensure that all the necessary points are addressed and that the ideas are organised in a logical order.
Once you have completed all these steps you will be ready to start writing!
How to Write an Essay
Regardless of the length and course for which you are writing an essay, all essays have an introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion. Let’s see how to craft these sections so that you can get that A on your paper.
This section holds a lot of importance as it establishes the context for the rest of the paper. In the introduction paragraph, you will explain the purpose of the essay including background information on the topic, and state your thesis clearly. The introduction should be written in a way that will draw the readers in and encourage them to keep on reading.
When writing the introduction of an essay, you have to stick to a specific structure. This means that before providing your argument, you will first give a general overview of the topic or problem the essay will address. Even though it is the first section of an essay, we recommend writing it last. This way you can summarise it better as you will have a better idea of how the rest of the essay had gone. Also, remember to start your essay with a hook that will grab the attention of the reader as the main purpose of an introduction is to grab and hold the reader’s attention.
Writing the Main Body
In the essay’s body, your argument should be adequately developed. Each body paragraph should have a single main idea or claim that is supported by relevant evidence, facts, and examples drawn from academic works on your subject. The body paragraphs are the building blocks of your arguments.
The length and number of paragraphs you will use will depend on the essay topic. Also, make sure each paragraph is relevant to the theme of the topic and is coherent and cohesive.
How to Structure Body Paragraphs?
You can effectively organise your body paragraphs by utilising the TEECL structure. TEECL stand for:
- T = Topic sentence
- E = Explanation
- E = Evidence
- C = Comment
- L = Link
By using this structure you can write body paragraphs that will be organised and will connect back to the essay’s main theme and focus.
And that is it folks, you are finally very near to the finishing line! The final section of an essay is the conclusion. This is the part where you will summarise the key points of your arguments and provide a satisfying conclusion for the reader. Start by restating your opinion on the subject, then briefly outline your major argument before concluding by discussing the issue’s importance, predicting the future, or offering a solution to the problem at hand.
Tips to Write an Excellent Essay
Read the instructions carefully
There is no need to read the instructions hurriedly, take your time and go over them slowly and carefully to ensure that you don’t miss anything. Check what you need to write about, the word count and the preferred citation style as they differ across courses and faculties.
By planning your essay beforehand you can write it with ease. Brainstorm and organise your ideas by making an outline or a mind map to help you organise your thoughts and structure in a clear and logical way.
Cite and Use Sources
Evidence is the core element of your essay and you can find them in quality academic literature. You need to provide evidence to support the claim you make so that your opinion can have some weigh. Do your research and cite your sources.
Show Critical Thinking
Instead of just summarising or paraphrasing what you read, consider how the evidence that supports it can be compared, contrasted, and analysed.
Provide your essay with a logical structure
Successfully structuring your essay means that you present your ideas in a way that makes sense to your readers. Follow your initial plan or make adjustments as you go, the important thing is to make sure that each paragraph and section logically builds on the one before it.
Leave time to edit and proofread
Friends, this is one of the most important parts of the writing process. Failing to allot time for proofreading and editing can ultimately lead to getting bad marks on your paper. Even pro-academic writers agree that every piece of content needs little editing and proofreading to make them ready for submission. So make sure that each section and paragraph are presented in a logical order. Check for spelling and grammar mistakes. Also, check if the sources are cited properly and pay close attention to the syntax and the readability of your paper to make sure they are easy to understand.
Writing an essay is a complex task but by following the steps and tips outlined above you can produce an effective and well-written academic essay.